New technique electro-oflactogram (EOG) records olfaction in humans–finds smells arranged by pleasantness
This brand new method developed by Hadas Lapid et al. sticks an electrode into the nose with an exposed tip that directly contacts the nasal olfactory epithelium. Subjects hold their breath as odorants are blown into the nose to avoid artifacts from breathing.
The study found that the epithelium seemed to be divided into patches that responded to pleasant odors and other patches that responded to unpleasant odors. As the authors write: “a location that responded maximally to a pleasant odorant was more likely to respond strongly to other pleasant odorants, and a location that responded maximally to an unpleasant odorant was more likely to respond strongly to other unpleasant odorants.”
Understanding the olfactory system has proved more challenging than the visual and auditory systems where the stimuli space is more easily defined. Studying olfaction on human subjects who can be asked what they are smelling, while simultaneously recording quantitative measurements of their receptor responses will lead to an improved understanding of this sense. Understanding the olfactory epithelium will help define inputs to the olfactory cortex.
Some think the primary olfactory cortex can be used as a model for the association corticies necessary for higher thoughts, because the olfactory cortex can pair novel receptor activation patterns and bind them together as a new distinct odor.
Filed under: Human, Olfaction, Psychophysics, Sensory | 1 Comment
Tags: electro-oflactogram, EOG, odors, Olfaction, pleasentness